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Periodontology – the science of treating periodontitis

Have you noticed bleeding gums while brushing your teeth?

This is one of the first symptoms of periodontitis and the first alarm to call your dentist.

What is periodontology?

Periodontology is a part of dentistry that deals with the prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of periodontitis.

Regular visits to the dentist and adequate oral hygiene are prevention but also the early diagnosis of this curable disease.

If it is detected in time, it can be prevented by appropriate therapy.

How does periodontitis occur?

Periodontitis is a serious disease of the gums, the supporting apparatus of the teeth, and the jawbone.

This disease is the most common dental disease after caries. This shows that as many as 90% of the population has some form of it, regardless of age.

At the beginning of the disease, the symptoms may be mild. This means that you will not have any problems even if the disease is present.

With regular checkups at the dentist, you can prevent the progression of the disease that leads to tooth loss.

Periodontitis is caused by pathogenic microorganisms and their products in dental plaque and tartar. In addition to these factors, the development of the disease is influenced by:

  • poor oral hygiene
  • smoking
  • diet poor in vitamins and minerals
  • Immune diseases of the organism
  • genetic factors
  • diabetes
  • inadequate prosthesis

Phases of periodontitis

The disease begins with inflammation, swelling, and bleeding gums (gingivitis). At this stage, antibiotics are used as adjunctive therapy.

If the inflammation is not treated, it can spread to the surrounding tissue and affect the tooth bone. Then periodontal pockets form.

Due to the withdrawal of the gums, the root of the tooth becomes more exposed to pathogenic bacteria. So it is more difficult to clean the dental plaque and there are tooth decay and loss.

The specificity of periodontitis is that the patient does not feel pain until complications occur.

What are the consequences of the disease?

As a consequence of periodontitis can occur:

  • Tooth loss: If the gingivitis is not repaired in time during the first phase of the disease, the roots of the teeth can be damaged. Then, they can be lost.
  • Food problems: The process of digesting food begins in the mouth. Due to tooth disease, chewing food can be very uncomfortable and painful. That is why the healthy side of the jaw is used more.
  • Speech problems: Due to tooth loss, speech difficulties can occur. Because spaces are made between the teeth and some letters cannot be pronounced clearly.
  • Negative effects on health: Timely treatment of periodontitis is necessary, because if this step is skipped, the consequences for general health are great. There is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and complications in pregnancy.

How is periodontitis treated?

The treatment process is carried out in a period of several weeks, depending on the degree of the disease.

Periodontology has developed modern methods of treatment through the study of risk factors.

The basic step is to prevent and treat inflammatory processes in the gums. Further procedure includes thorough cleaning of dental plaque.

There are various methods and tests that can determine the presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the oral cavity.

One of them is the PET test.  This test  can determine the exact ratio of pathogenic bacteria and normal flora in the oral cavity. It works by taking a sample from periodontal pockets and sending it for analysis to the German laboratory MIP Pharma GmbH.

The test is fast, painless and effective. The results are obtained within two weeks with a recommendation for therapy.

At this stage, it is necessary to instruct patients. And that means how to adequately maintain oral hygiene of the oral cavity using the recommended preparations.

If the disease has progressed, it is necessary to apply surgical therapy. It involves the removal of tissue affected by periodontitis or the filling of bone defects with replacement bone (BIOOS).

Periodontitis is a chronic disease that cannot be completely cured, but can be controlled and stopped.

Regular visits to the dentist, proper maintenance of oral hygiene and avoiding bad habits (nicotine and alcohol) are a sure way to the longevity of your teeth.

If you are looking for periodontal disease treatment