What are the effects of pregnancy?
During pregnancy major hormone changes take place and this imbalance can lead to increased risks of development of different types of oral cavity diseases. Bleeding gums signal early stages of disease. The most frequent cause is plaque sedimentation on the teeth, which is why it’s important for one to maintain oral hygiene during pregnancy. Hormones affect the gingiva sensitivity to bacteria and it becomes prone to inflammatory processes. Scientific name of this condition is pregnancy gingivitis and it can appear in 50% and even 70% of pregnant women during any period of pregnancy.
Symptoms that indicate gingiva inflammation are:
- gums that bleed and are of intensive red colour
- when you bite something hard (an apple, for example), your gums start to bleed
- swollen gums
- enhanced sensitivity and mucosa irritations.
These symptoms usually appear around the third month of pregnancy and can be an inconvenience up until the eight month.
Advice on oral hygiene during pregnancy
- If you are experiencing morning nausea, under no circumstances should you brush your teeth after each time you vomit. Gastric acid softens the enamel and the brushing then causes micro-fractures that could lead to problems. It is better to rinse your mouth with suitable solutions.
- Healthy diet is of essential importance and this way you will avoid many potential problems. Reduce consumption of sweets that directly influence the quality of your teeth.
- You should regularly attend dental check-ups during your entire pregnancy. Avoid x-ray and tell your dentist about your pregnancy before any intervention.
- Baby’s teeth start to form while it is still an embryo in your womb. Quality of your baby’s teeth will somewhat depend on the quality and balance of the mother’s diet during pregnancy.
Steps towards proper oral hygiene
Pregnancy gingivitis is caused by dental plaque sedimentation and it should be efficiently eliminated. You should make sure to meticulously brush your teeth. For a complete oral hygiene, try to remember the following pieces of advice:
- on a daily basis, at least twice a day spare two minutes to brush your teeth
- use dental pastes with fluoride
- never swallow the remaining paste after brushing
- to clean less accessible spots, use adequate dental floss
- for extra protection from dental caries, you should also include rinsing of oral cavity with proper liquids in your daily routine
- avoid rinsing liquids that contain alcohol
- you must quit smoking, because apart from its effect on the health of your gums, this ugly habit is detrimental to the development of the foetus