In the course of everyday activities, the tooth enamel is exposed to processes of remineralisation and demineralisation. These two processes naturally take place in balanced alternation and as such they shouldn’t cause inconveniences or problems. Demineralisation and remineralisation respectively provide protection and natural resilience to external factors for the teeth and enamel. Teeth sediments are fertile grounds for the appearance of bacteria that feed on sugars in our mouth, at the same time producing acids that dissolve crystals on the surface of the teeth. This is how demineralisation begins. The reverse process is renewal of the enamel. For this to be successful, the role of minerals, such as fluoride, potassium and phosphate which are deposited on the teeth, is vital.
When these two active phases lose their balance, changes of the tooth enamel occur, i.e. bleeding, and a visit to the dentist is highly recommendable. Fluoride therapy compensates for the insufficient remineralisation and prevents bacteria from the sediments to create harmful acids and damage the enamel.
When is fluoride therapy necessary?
Recommended fluoride therapy is a process that should be regularly implemented each 6 to 12 months. Depending on the condition of the tooth enamel, your dentist will recommend therapy. Regular use of tooth pastes is often sufficient to maintain the achieved results in the interim between two check-ups.
How is fluoride therapy conducted?
It is best that this process is performed during regular dental examination. It involves removal of calculus and professional teeth cleaning. For optimum effect, the teeth must be completely clean and without sediments. It is also desirable for all the teeth to be healthy, i.e. with no disease or dental caries. If you planned to undergo any fluorizacija zubaintervention, it would be best if you postponed fluoride therapy for a later period when all the irregularities have been treated. This treatment can be conducted by applying special gels directly onto the teeth and it lasts between 15 and 20 minutes. During this time, the patient’s mouth must be open to prevent saliva to wash away the gel. It is also possible to use domestic supplements with strict adherence to the rules prescribed by the dentist. We should point out that only expert staff of a dental office is allowed to perform high-concentrated gel therapy, and that no such in-house treatments are advisable.